████    重点词汇
████    难点词汇
████    生僻词
████    词组 & 惯用语

[学习本文需要基础词汇量:5,000 ]

listening test

instructions the listening test

is about 50 minutes

there are six parts in the listening

test

you will have about six minutes to

listen to each passage

and answer the questions

the passage will be played once

left click on the mouse to select your

answer

practice question

there is one practice question

listen to a short conversation the

passage will be played

once then

listen to the question and choose the

best answer

unfortunately i missed the concert last

night

listening to problem solving you will

hear a conversation in three

sections you will hear each section only

once

after each section you will hear two or

three questions

you will hear the questions only once

choose the best answer

to each question

hi i was hoping you could help me i've

never been to this walk-in clinic before

i moved here a few months ago and i

still don't have a family doctor

but i really need to see one right away

sorry but you'll have to take a number

and wait to be called

there are a couple people ahead of you

it shouldn't be too long though

oh sorry i didn't realize i had to take

a number

i assumed that since no one was at the

counter when i came in

i could just walk up where are the

number tickets

yeah it happens all the time the numbers

are just to the left of the door in the

red dispenser

like i said it won't be long in the

meantime you can take a seat

question one why is the woman at this

clinic

question two what does the woman need

number 47 please hi

i'm back i'd like to see a doctor please

i've been having sharp pains in my

stomach for over a week now

okay i'll just need to see your

provincial health card please

and since we don't have your information

on file i'm going to need you to fill

out this

patient information form sure oh darn

i don't have a pen do you have one i

could borrow

yes here you are please bring the form

and pen back when you're done

thank you oh wow there are certainly a

lot of questions here

you only need to fill it out for your

first appointment and then we keep it on

file

you can go and sit down and complete the

form it'll only take a few minutes

will it ever

question three what does the man ask the

woman for

question four what does the man ask the

woman to do

question five how does the woman feel

about the form

okay i filled out all the information i

could

i don't really know my family's history

of illnesses

so i just left that section blank that's

all right

oh i see you missed this section on the

back of the page

the one about your allergies and

medications oops

i didn't realize it was two-sided here

you go

do you know how long the weight will be

well it's hard to say

exactly but at this point it's looking

like at least one hour

one hour seriously this waiting room is

practically empty

well it is flu season and sometimes

people step out for a bit while they're

waiting

there are quite a few names ahead of

yours and only two doctors on duty

well i guess i don't really have a

choice let's hope

some of the people who have stepped out

just decided to leave

question 6 how does the woman

feel about the wait time

question 7 why is the weight to see a

doctor so long

question eight what does the woman

decide to do at the end

listening to a daily life conversation

you will hear a conversation followed by

five

questions listen to each question

you will hear the question only once

choose the best answer to each question

hi andy how are you i was wondering do

you have any plans for tomorrow

not in the morning no but in the

afternoon i was going to visit my

grandmother at the nursing home

we spend some time together every

saturday oh i hope she's not ill

you're such a thoughtful grandson i

suppose

but i don't do it to be kind or anything

i genuinely enjoy spending time with her

she's an amazing person then i'd like to

meet her sometime

well since you don't have plans for the

morning would you like to come with me

to pick strawberries

there are two pick your own farms nearby

but i go to the one on carter road

because it has the best strawberries

what exactly is a pick your own farm

it's exactly what it says

you go to the farm and you buy an empty

basket unless you have your own

then they take you out into the field

show you which row is ready to be picked

next

and you just make your way along the row

filling your basket

when you've got as much as you want you

go back they weigh what you have

and you pay what an excellent idea i

imagine the fruit is cheaper when you

pick your own

usually but not always the same goes for

the health factor

i incorrectly assumed that none of the

pick your own farms use pesticides

now i know i only go to the farm on

carter road

ah i bet people who make their own

strawberry jam get their strawberries at

pick your own farms

if only because they'd be fresh that's

certainly true

often they take their kids and make a

day of it some farms even have a play

area for the kids

okay let's do it we can take some fresh

strawberries to my grandmother in the

afternoon

i'll introduce you

question one what is the main purpose of

the conversation

question two what does the woman

describe to the man

question three why does the woman prefer

the farm on carter road

question four what is true of pick your

own farms

question five what will the woman likely

be doing saturday afternoon

listening for information you will hear

a conversation followed by

six questions listen to each question

you will hear the question only once

choose the best answer to each question

welcome to the renter's legal clinic

what brings you here

well when i signed the lease to rent my

apartment my landlord made me pay extra

and i want that money back what fees did

the landlord charge you

apart from the first month's rent well

the rent is one thousand dollars a month

in addition to that he collected an

equal amount for a damage deposit

which he said he'd repay at the end of

the lease if the apartment was left in

good condition

but what if he finds some excuse not to

pay it back

exactly it's illegal for landlords to

collect damage deposits that are more

than half a month's rent in this

province

the landlord should know that it says so

right in the lease agreement

did you read that part of the contract

before you signed it

no he rushed through and turned that

page really fast

so i didn't even see where it said that

but

can i just not pay the rent for the

final month of the lease

the rent is 1 000 a month so not paying

for the last

month would be the same as him refunding

my deposit right

um i wouldn't recommend withholding rent

money because then your landlord might

come after you for non-payment

what you should do is write a letter to

your landlord requesting that half of

the deposit be returned to you

ah so it's better to be on the offensive

right

i'll dictate a letter for you to type

and sign the letter warns the landlord

that the money was collected illegally

and demands that if he doesn't repay it

to you in 10 days

you'll appeal to the rental board to

recover the money

in that case there'll be a hearing in

court and the government will collect

the money for you

do i have to pay a lawyer not me i

volunteer my time

you pay the rental board it costs

seventy dollars to file a claim

if that becomes necessary but you'll get

that money back

the landlord will have to pay your

deposit plus the seventy dollars

and six percent interest sounds fair

just be sure you send the letter by

registered mail that way you can track

the delivery online

and know whether or not he actually

received it okay

let's get started

question one why did the woman go see

the man

question two what was the problem with

the woman's damage deposit

question 3 what does the man say the

woman should do

about her rent

question four what step will the woman

take next

question five what does the man charge

for his services

question six how should the woman make

her request

listening to a news item you will hear a

news item

once it is about one and a half minutes

long

then five questions will appear choose

the best way

to complete each statement from the

drop-down menu

seventeen-year-old shauna bergman made

over one thousand dollars this weekend

because of her love of thrift store

shopping

bergman was browsing second-hand jewelry

at her local thrift store on friday

when she found five silver rings with

what looked like

different shapes of pretty glass set on

the top

shauna bought the set for ten dollars

thinking she'd give them as gifts

when she returned home however her

mother suggested

the stones might not actually be glass

but amber

amber is fossilized resin from trees

that are millions of years old

shauna did some research on how to

recognize genuine amber from fake amber

if real amber is rubbed vigorously on

fabric

it becomes electrostatically charged and

will visibly attract dust particles

shauna discovered she'd bought six real

amber rings

because the amber had been melted and

pressed it looked like

man-made glass however a local jeweler

confirmed her conclusion

appraised them to be amber and offered

her a handsome price

shawna decided to use the proceeds to

finance a trip

to peru

listening to a discussion you will watch

a two-minute video

then eight questions will appear choose

the best way

to answer each question

you will watch a conversation among

three employees

two men and one woman in a coffee shop

they are discussing something they've

noticed in their workplace

this is nick this

is ron this

is claudia hey guys

thanks for coming for coffee this

morning no problem it's been a while

since we got together we should do this

more often

yeah it's really nice to get out of the

office once in a while we work too hard

and ignore our breaks

true enough actually the reason i got us

all together was there's something i

wanted to run by the 2u

something that's been bothering me it

has to do with how devoted we are to our

jobs

hmm you got me curious are you going to

suggest that we get

raises because of our dedication good

luck with that some people got raises

last year just not everyone

didn't you hear about that yeah this is

actually all connected to what i wanted

to talk to you guys about

i've been noticing a lot of favoritism

lately

i agree just last week the boss

hand-picked

two of her favorites to go to the

programming conference in montreal

the same two went last year i mean what

about the rest of us

i'm more qualified i even asked if i

could pay my own conference fees

and just get paid for two days work she

still refused

well we call it favoritism but according

to company policy it's perfectly legal

managers can select anyone they want for

any project even if there's extra pay or

benefits

as long as the length is not more than

six months and managers can pick the

same person every time but this policy

fosters favoritism i mean the managers

have no accountability for the decisions

they make

and the decisions rarely reflect the

quality of work

i mean i had to do some revisions for

one of the favorites just last week even

though i was completely busy with my own

work

i didn't get any extra pay her work was

terrible

maybe we should start a workers union

well i don't think a union is the

solution

i mean it may reduce favoritism but it

can produce a whole other set of

problems

i think our communication with

management is pretty good overall

yeah i took a risk and talked to the hr

manager he said everything is legal and

the

managers would make the best choice so i

guess we just have to deal with

favoritism then

i mean we might as well just focus our

passion and enthusiasm outside the

workplace

we can collect our salary and put our

heart and souls into something else

actually that's what i do i tutor kids

that have difficulty reading at my son's

school

it's really rewarding maybe we could

freelance too

add a little money to that satisfaction

so i guess it's decided then

to cope with all this favoritism we are

going to focus our energy

outside the workplace i mean it's a sad

solution but i guess it's going to be

the safest one

listening for viewpoints you will hear a

report

once it is about three minutes long

then six questions will appear choose

the best way

to answer each question from the drop

down menu

the humanities are a group of academic

disciplines that focus on human culture

including subjects like literature

history and philosophy

a recent statistics canada report

indicates that 30 percent of university

graduates with a humanities degree are

over

qualified for the jobs they hold many

don't even have jobs

does this mean that students shouldn't

study the humanities

and universities shouldn't bother

offering humanities degrees

if the purpose of universities is to

provide career training

then at a glance the future looks grim

for the humanities

after all university is expensive

many students along with their tuition

fee paying parents expect to eventually

receive a reasonable return on their

investment

such students should probably study

accounting and engineering instead of

literature and philosophy

but this raises the question what is the

purpose of university

many would argue that universities exist

in order to provide

a broad education not job training

that education they'd argue should

include the humanities

traditionally the humanities helped

produce a citizenry that can distinguish

between fact and propaganda

a citizenry not susceptible to the

manipulative rhetoric of potential

demagogues

however not everyone considers this

outcome desirable

because such a populist is cognitively

well equipped to question the

distribution of power

and hence potentially disrupt the status

quo

even if it is the purpose of the

university to make students job ready

it appears that employers still want

their workers to have good critical

thinking skills

these skills are learned in the

humanities most philosophy departments

for example offer a course in critical

thinking skills

they also teach ethics a branch of

philosophy that enables people to make

reasoned decisions about right and wrong

and yet how often do we see an entry

level job ad

mentioning a philosophy course as a

requirement still

when surveyed today's employers say they

want new hires to have critical thinking

skills

however entry-level workers say that

their employers want them to think

critically

only about certain things critical

thinking about cost cutting

probably critical thinking about

policies and procedures

probably not and as for ethics workers

report

their employers want compliance with the

company's code of ethics

employers seem to want it both ways

workers who are job ready

and who think critically workers who

think critically about some things but

not

all things it seems employers want to

have their cake and eat it too

which is to many critical thinkers a

logical impossibility

perhaps in the end it is the employers

who need the humanities courses

you